răspunsul care îţi vine în minte e bineînţeles niciuna. în brazilia însă s-a făcut o cercetare pe tema asta de către Inter-American Development Bank, şi the Economist dă concluziile. cercetare porneşte de la premiza că mai toate telenovelele făcute de Globo (liderul de piaţă în Brazilia pe segmentul acesta) au în comun următoarele: The action often takes place in Rio de Janeiro, where Globo is based, among families which are smaller, whiter and richer than average.
Asociate datele referitoare la expansiunea Globo cu cifrele privind fertilitatea şi divorţul reies 3 concluzii:
- the total fertility rate dropped from 6.3 children per woman in 1960 to 2.3 in 2000, despite contraception being officially discouraged for some of that time. The small, happy families portrayed on television contributed to this trend. Controlling for other factors, the arrival of Globo was associated with a decline of 0.6 percentage points in the probability of a woman giving birth in a given year.
- The researchers found that between 1975, when divorce was first mooted, and 1984 about one in five of the main characters in Globo soaps were divorced or separated, a higher percentage than in the real Brazil. From the mid-1960s to the mid-1980s about 30% of female lead characters in novelaswere unfaithful to their partners. The researchers find that the arrival of Globo in an area was associated with a rise of 0.1-0.2 percentage points in the share of women aged 15-49 who were divorced or separated. The authors reckon that watching “empowered” women having fun in Rio made other women (a few of them anyway) more independent.
- Other research shows that divorce and lower fertility are linked to less domestic violence.
Are cineva idee cu ce sunt telenovelele noastre? Ştiu că era una cu romi şi ar fi foarte interesant în ce măsură cei care o vizionau au devenit mai toleranţi. Şi dacă la noi se văd aceleaşi telenovele ca în Brazilia efectele or fi similare? o temă interesantă de cercetare.